Peristiwa Sejarah Menjelang Kemerdekaan Indonesia

Menjelang proklamasi kemerdekaan Indonesia, terjadi peristiwa yang turut menghiasi perjalanan sejarah bangsa Indonesia. Peristiwa penting itu di antaranya adanya perbedaan pendapat yang sangat tajam antara golongan Tua (dalam hal ini diwakili oleh Soekarno dan kawan-kawan) dengan golongan Muda (terutama para pemuda Menteng 31) tentang proklamasi kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Golongan muda menghendaki Soekarno-Hatta segera memproklamasikan kemerdekaan Indonesia mengingat bahwa berita kekalahan Jepang sudah sangat santer terdengar, namun golongan Tua bersikap menunggu janji yang diberikan Jepang.
Toward the proclamation of independence of Indonesia, events which partook to deck out the course of Indonesian nation history took place. Those important events among other was the existence of very keen different idea between the old faction (in this matter were represented by Soekarno and kith) with the young faction (especially young men of 31 Menteng) about the proclamation independence of Indonesia.

The young faction wished Soekarno-Hatta immediately proclaimed the independence of Indonesia considering that the defeat nrs of Japanese had been very loudly heard, but the old faction stood at attention to wait for the promise given by the Japanese.
On August 14, 1945 Soekarno, Hatta and Radjiman were back home from Dalat, South Vietnam after previously fulfilled the call of the South-East Asia Commander in-chief, Marshall Terauchi to get information abdut the independence of Indonesia.

When arriving in Jakarta, they accepted news from the young men about the position of Japan in World War 4ccording to the overseas radionews which they received on August 14, 1945 (which was officially announced on August 15), Japanese surrendered at discretion to the Ally.

This matter happened after the industrial cities, namely Hiroshima and Nagasaki, were bombarded by atomic bombs by the American army. Though this occurence was covered by the occupying goverment of Japanese, but the news had spread among young men of Indonesia.

Peristiwa Sejarah Menjelang Kemerdekaan Indonesia

Pada tanggal 14 Agustus 1945 Soekarno, Hatta dan Radjiman pulang dari Dalat, Vietnam Selatan setelah sebelumnya memenuhi panggilan Panglima Mandala Asia Tenggara Marsekal Terauchi guna memperoleh informasi tentang kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Ketika sampai di Jakarta mereka menerima kabar dari para pemuda mengenai kedudukan Jepang pada Perang Dunia H. Menurut berita rad io luar negeri yang mereka terima bahwa pada tanggal 14 Agustus 1945 (yang secara resmi diumumkan pada tanggal 15 Agustus), Jepang menyerah tanpa syarat ke tangan Sekutu.

Hal ini terjadi setelah kota industri, yaitu Hiroshima dan Nagasaki, dibom atom oleh tentara Amerika. Meskipun kejadian ini ditutupi oleh pemerintahan pendudukan Jepang, namun beritanya telah menyebar di kalangan pemuda Indonesia.




Sumber Pustaka: Yrama Widya